This comprehensive, up-to-date collection of 38 articles represents a broad range of research methods and data sources in medical sociology from the perspectives of public health, medicine, epidemiology, political science, history, and anthropology. In addition to eleven new readings, eight of the seminal articles from the previous edition have been revised for the fourth edition. The overarching theme of this authoritative compendium is that medical sociology should focus on large-scale social structural factors as well as a micro-level exploration of lay illness experience, including the interaction between people and their health providers. Linking these levels of analysis is essential for a holistic understanding of medical sociology. A second important theme concerns social movements, which not only aim to achieve specific goals, but in the process can also alter our perspectives on the very definitions of health and illness as well as the proper ways to create and sustain a healthy society.