This accessible resource equips educators with practical assessment strategies for today's challenges in measuring student progress. It details the national policy changes that have fostered the ongoing changes in general education and special education testing and assessment practices. The ninth edition integrates updated references, readings and examples to ensure a current look at the field. A new chapter introduces IDEIA, the RTI model, and the issues, controversies and implementation challenges and successes. Sections have also been added to multiple chapters to ensure the integration of the RTI model with the traditional content. Educators will be able to apply this information to meet today's challenges in measuring student progress.